The diary of shaheed bhagat singh (excerpt) – part 2 of 3

below are my compiled favorite lines,quotes, widom from the diary of great martyr shaheed bhagat singh i divided it into two parts,hope you will find wisdom among the pages of this great young man..

after going through it,i compiled below some of the content that was utmost appealin to me,you may go through the original page and compile your own version.here is content quoted from different authors,scholars,poets & some written by  bhagat singh durin his time in prison,the diary was later retrieved and compiled for public view.the work written and compiled reflects his knowledge on socialism,politics,history, and a wide variety of subjects,however nvertheless goin through this page i would recommend one intersted to self read the whole diary which is about 80 pages, filled with brilliance & pure abstract knowledge.

Page 41

continued from last page:——Religion is the sigh of oppressed creature the feelings of a heartless world just asit is the spirit of inspiritual conditions. ” It is the opium of the people”The people cannot be really happy untill it has been deprived of illusory happinesby the abolition of religion. The demand that the people should shake itself freeof illusion as to its own condition is the demand that it should abondon acondition which needs illusionThe weapon of criticism cannot replace the critiism of weapons. Physical forcemust be overthrown by physical force as soon as it takes possesion of themasses

Page 46Democracy

: —-Democracy is theoratically a system of political and legal equality . But inconcrete and practical operation it is false, for there can be no equality , not evenin politics and before the law , so long as there is glaring in equality in economicpower. So long as the ruling class owns the workers jobs and the press

andthe schools of country and all organs for the moulding and expression of publicopinion; so long as it monopolise all trained public functionaries and disposes of unlimited funds to influence elections , so long as the laws are made by rulingclass and the courts are presided over by members of that class, so long as

XXXIV

lawyers are private practitioners who sell their skill to the heighest bidder andlitigation is technical and costly , so long will the nominal equality before the lawbe a hollow mackery.In a capitalist regime the whole machinary of democracy operates to keep theruling class monority in power thrugh the sufferage of working class majority, andwhen the bourgeois goverment feels itself endangered by democratic institutions,such institutions re often crushed without compunction.[ p 58][ From Marx to Lenin ][ by Morris Hillquit ]Democracy does not secure ” equal rights and a share in all political rights for every body , to what ever class or party he may belong ” (Kautsky) It only allowsfree political and legel play .For the existing economic inequalities ………….Democracy under capitalism is thus not general, abstract democracy but specificbourgeois democracy ………. or as Lenin terms it ————- democracy for bourgeois

Page 47

” Term ”

Revolution

” defined ” :—-” The conception of revolution is not to be treated in the police interpretation of term , in the sense of an armed rising. A party would be mad that would choosethe method of insurrection on principle so long as it has at its disposal different ,less costly , and safer methods of action. In that sense , social democracy wasnever revolutioanry on principle . It is only in the sense that it recognises thatwhen it attains political power, it cannot employ it for any other than the abolitionof the mode of production upon which thw present system rests. “” Karl Kautsky

Page 48

Internationale

Arise, ye prisoners of starvation !Arise ye wretched on earth ,To justice thunders condemnation,A better worlds in birth

.No more traditions chain shall bind us,

XXXVI

Arise ye slaves ! no more in thrall !The earth shall rise on new foundation ,we have been naught we be all[refrain]it is like final conflict ,Let earth stand on his place,The international party ,Shall be the human race.———————————Behold them seated in their glory,The kings of mine and rail and soil,When would you read in all their story,But how they plundered toil?

Fruits of peoples work are buried,In the strong coffers of a few,In voting for their restitution,The men will ask only for their due,[ same Refrain ]Toilers from shops and fields united ,The party we of all who work,The earth belongs to us, the people,No room here for the shirk,

XXXVII

How many on our flesh have fattened?But if the noise some birds of pray ,Shall vanish from our sky some morning ,The blessed sunlight still will stay.

Page 49

Marseillaise

Ye sons of toil ,awake to glory !Hark , hark , what myraids bid you rise,Your children, wives and grand sires hoary,Behold their tears and hear their cries,Shall hateful tyrants mischief breeding,With hireling hosts , aruffian band –,Affright and desolute the landWhile peace and liberty lie bleeding ?[ chorus]To arms , To arms ! Ye brave!The avenging sword unsheatheMarch on , march on , all hearts resolved,On Victory or death. With luxury and pride unsounded,

XXXVIII

The vile insatiate despots dare,Their thirst for gold and power unboundedTo meet and vend the light and air;Like beasts of burden would they load us,Like gods would bid their slaves adore,But man is man and who is more ?Then shall they longer last and goad us ?[ The same chorus again ]Oh liberty ! Can man resign thee,Once having felt thy generous flame ?Can dungeons bolts and bars confine thee ,Or whips thy noble spirit tame ?Too long the world has wept bewailing ,The falsehood daggers tyrants wield;But freedom is our sword and shield,And all their arts are unavailing ?[Same Chorus again]

Revolutionary Dictatorship

:—Revolution is an act in which one section of the population imposes its will uponthe other by rifles, bayonets , guns and other such exceedingly authoritarianmeans. And the party which has won is necessarily compelled to maintain its ruleby means of that fear which in arms inspire in the reactionaries. If the Communeof Paris had not relied upon the armed people as against bourgeoisie , would ithave maintained it self more than twenty- four hours? Are we not, in contrary, justified in reproaching the commune for having employed this authority toolittle ?”F.Engles: 0 :

Bourgeoisie Democracy

: —Bourgeoisie Democracy while constituting a great historical advance incomparison with feudalism nevertheless remains and cannot but remain , a verylimited , a very hypocritical institution , a paradise for the rich and a trap and adelusion for the exploited and for the poor

The impatient Idealist

:—–The impatient idealist — and without some impatience a man hardly prove effective — is almost sure to be led into hatered by the opposition, and disappointments which he encounters in his Endeavour to bring happiness to the world.

betrand russell

Arbitrariness

:–Kautsky had written a booklet with the title “Proletariate Dictatorship” and haddeplored the act of Bolsheviks in depriving the burgeoisie people from right to vote. Lenin writes in his “Proletarian Revolution ” : — P 77Arbitariness ! Only think what a depth of meanest subserviency to bourgeoisie and of the most idiotic pedantry is contained in such a reproach , when thoroughly

XLIX

bourgeios and for the most part even reactionaries jurists of capitalist countrieshave in the course of , we may almost say , centuries , been drawing up rulesand regulations and writing up hundreds of volumes of various codes and laws ,and of interpretations of them to oppress the workers , to bind hand and foot (of)the poor men , and to place a hundred and one hindrances and obstacles in the way of the simple and toiling masses of people — when this isdone , the bourgeois Liberals and Mr. Kautsky can see no “arbitrariness”! It is allLaw and Order ! It has all been thought out and written down, how the poor manis to be kept dwn and squeezed. There are thousands and thousands of bourgeois lawyers and officials able to interpret the laws that the workers andaverage peasent can never break through their barbed wire entanglements. Thisof course ,is not a dictatorship of the filthy or profit-seeking exploiters who are drinking the blood of the people. Oh it is nothing of the kind! It is pure

democracy which is becomin

g purer

Page 64

and purer everyday. But whenthe toiling and exploited masses for the first time in history seprated byImperialist War from their brothers across the frontier, have constructed their Soviets, have summoned to the workers of political constrution , the classeswhich the bourgeois used to oppress and to stupefy, and begun themselves tobuild up a new proletarian State, begun in the midest of raging battles ,in the fireof Civil War, to lay down the fundamental principles of “a State without exploiters”, then all the scoundrals of the bourgeoisie , the entire band of blood suckers,with Kautsky, singing obliger to scream about arbitariness!

� �

“Lenin p77-78

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